Ultrasound Use in Healthcare – Infographic

Do you know how ultrasound scans work?

Read our infographic about the basics of medical ultrasound to understand the process.

The basics about medical ultrasound - Infographic

Now you know:

An ultrasound scan uses a transducer that sends out waves with ultrasonic frequency towards tissues in the body. The sound wave echoes back and is recorded and processed in the ultrasonic scanner. Multiple soundwaves results in a digital image of the tissue inside the body.

That is how sonography uses ultrasound-based images to look at internal body structures.

Ultrasound scans are a safe and non-intrusive imaging technique. Ultrasound-based imaging has been in use since the 1950′s succesfully. Concerns have been raised about whether it is safe for pregnant women to be exposed to ultrasound waves during pregnancy. Research indicates however that there are no risks involved for pregnant women.

The World Health Organization supports that ultrasound is safe for pregnant women.

Detecting Prostate Cancer with a Prostate Scan

Prostate cancer is by the most spread form of cancer among men in the UK. The prostate cancer risk for men in the UK is about 1 in 8 at the moment. For black men, this risk is 1 in 4. If you have a family history of prostate cancer, the risk is considerably increased, though it does not necessarily mean that you will have prostate cancer. The risk for getting prostate cancer increases as you age, and men over 50 are significantly more at risk than younger men. Preventive action can be taken early on, through lifestyle changes and routine scans.

When to have a Prostate Scan

You can take a prostate scan at any time after age 17, although it is unlikely to develop prostate cancer before turning 40. Most men who had prostate cancer were diagnosed after the age of 70. You should schedule an appointment to scan your prostate if you are at high risk due to one of the main risk factors: aged over 50 or a having a family history of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer can grow unnoticed and slowly without causing any symptoms, which is why it’s good to have routine checks after age 40 at the intervals recommended by your doctor.

If you have abdominal pains, experienced unusual changes in urination frequency and have a family history of prostate cancer or breast cancer, it is recommended to take a prostate scan.

What happens during a Prostate Scan

This is an ultrasound scan that will be performed abdominally, using ultrasound technology to obtain images of the prostate without being intrusive. Your sonographer will explain the process, after which he will use gently warmed ultrasound gel and will scan your belly.

In order to obtain clear images of the scan, it is important that the patient has a full bladder and an empty bowel in the morning of the appointment. Please drink two pints of water one hour before the ultrasound appointment to ensure this.

The prostate scan is used in detecting prostate cancer, as well as to examine characteristics such as shape and size of the prostate to check for other problems.

Our friendly sonographers at the Ultrasound Clinic will make sure that your scan experience is safe and as comfortable as possible.

5 Essential Measures to Prevent Osteoporosis

Bone density is greatly affected by your lifestyle, which means you can take measures to prevent osteoporosis. Healthy habits like exercising and maintaining a healthy diet will help you build stronger bones in time. If you have osteoporosis, these habits will also help reduce the risk of hip fracture or vertebra fracture.

1. Exercise

Exercising throughout your life is by far the most efficient way to build stronger bones and avoid osteoporosis. Your bones regenerate constantly, a process that can be stimulated through physical activities that put stress on your bones.

Running, walking and training with weights are particularly efficient in building stronger bones. Whenever you exercise and stress your bones, your brain receives the signal that you need to strengthen your bones. That’s when the osteoblast cells are stimulated to create new bone.

2. Eat Calcium-rich foods

Leafy vegetables, nuts and dairy foods are very good sources for calcium. Make them part of your daily meals. Calcium is the essential mineral for strengthening bones and teeth. The daily recommended dose is 700 mg.

If you have calcium deficiency, do not start taking in too much calcium in a short time span. Your body needs time and sunlight to absorb calcium. It’s important to aid the creation of new and healthy bone throughout your lifetime, so maintaining a calcium-rich diet over long time spans is key to preventing osteoporosis.

3. Exposure to sunlight

Vitamin D is necessary for calcium to be absorbed by your body, particularly as your body ages. The best source for Vitamin D is exposure to sunlight. Go for a short walk on a sunny weather three times a week for sufficient Vitamin D intake. Oily fish and eggs are also a very good source of Vitamin D. At older ages and in patients with osteoporosis, dietary supplements of Vitamin D may be necessary.

4. Give up smoking

Studies show that smoking lead to lower bone density. Even smoking at a young age can show effects on bone density after the age of 50, so the earlier you quit smoking, the more efficient you’ll be in avoiding osteoporosis. Other bad habits such as alcohol or drinking soda also have negative effects on bone density.

5. Maintain a healthy body weight

Being underweight means there is less pressure on your bones, so new bone creation might not be sufficiently stimulated. Maintain a healthy diet with all the necessary nutrients and try building more muscle mass over time to prevent osteoporosis.

If you are over 50 and susceptible to osteoporosis, our Osteoporosis Risk Assessment ultrasound can help with diagnosis of osteoporosis and detect the risks for common bone fractures.

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Ultrasound Clinic only use the most upto date 2012 GE Healthcare Scanners.